Having breast cancer stage 2? What does it mean?
Breast cancer stage 2 describes a slightly more advanced form of breast cancer. The tumor is larger than stage 1. It indicates that breast cancer is growing, but cancer cells still contain in the breast or only extend to the nearby lymph nodes. However, breast cancer stage 2 means the cancer has not spread to a distant part of the body.
Types of breast cancer stage 2
Breast cancer stage 2 is divided into two categories due to the size of tumor and whether the cancer cells have spread to the lymph nodes.
At stage 2A, one of the following descriptions applies.
No actual tumor is associated with the cancer cells but the cancer cells have spread to the underarm lymph nodes, or
The tumor is less than 2cm and the cancer cells have spread to the underarm lymph nodes, or
The tumor is 2cm – 5cm but no cancer cells have spread to the underarm lymph nodes.
At stage 2B, one of the following descriptions applies.
The tumor is 2cm – 5cm and the cancer cells have spread to the underarm lymph nodes, or
The tumor is larger than 5cm and the cancer cells have spread to the underarm lymph nodes.
What treatment options do you have at breast cancer stage 2?
Serval treatments may help breast cancer stage 2. In Modern Cancer Hospital Guangzhou, we offer the standard treatment and minimally invasive treatment for breast cancer stage 2, you should choose the treatment according to their individualized condition and willingness. Let us see what the difference between standard treatment and minimally invasive treatment.
Surgery(modified radical mastectomy & breast reconstruction)
Open surgery is the most common treatment for breast cancer patients. Breast cancer stage 2 is the early stage cancer and open surgery can remove the tumor and have a good prognosis. However, the worst thing is a part of the breast or the entire breast also will be removed. In Modern Cancer Hospital Guangzhou, the surgeon removes the breast and carefully dissects the underarm lymph node but no muscles are removed from beneath the breast so that doctor can reconstruct the breast and keep an original shape as if it is not be removed. If you do not want to take open surgery, there are other options for the breast cancer treatment stage 2, see as followed.
Green chemotherapy is a new type of chemotherapy which is different from the intravenous chemotherapy. Intravenous chemotherapy can cause the side effects. In accordance with human biological clock, anticancer drugs will be given when tumor cells are actively and believed to be most susceptible while normal cells inactive. In this way, minimal dose of medicine can achieve best effects with lowest side effects to the body.
Radiotherapy is usually combined with the surgery or chemotherapy or other treatments. It is given in various ways, including
From outside the body as external radiotherapy, using X-rays from linear accelerator machines, electrons, and more rarely other particles such as protons
From within the body as internal radiotherapy, by putting radioactive material in, or close to the tumor.
Radiotherapy can cause both acute and chronic side effects. Acute side effects occur during treatment, and chronic side effects occur months or even years after treatment ends, such as fatigue, nausea, vomiting, etc. The side effects that develop depend on the area of the body being treated, the dose given per day, the total dose given, the patient’s general medical condition, and other treatments given at the same time.
Hormone therapy is to stop estrogen from affecting breast cancer cells. Some types of breast cancer are affected by hormones in the blood so the hormone therapy is suitable to some of the breast cancer patients. You need to know the type of breast cancer so that doctor knows if the hormone therapy works for you.
Targeted therapy is to use drugs or other substances to precisely identify and attack cancer cells, which bring little damage to normal cells. In Modern Cancer Hospital Guangzhou, we provide gene targeted therapy, which targets the root of disease by correcting the abnormal gene. Targeted therapy brings no trauma to the body and lesser side effect to the patients.
Chinese medicine therapy
In Modern Cancer Hospital Guangzhou, doctor combines the Chinese medicine therapy with other treatments. Chinese medicine therapy effectively helps you prevent or alleviate the side effects, which may be caused by other treatments. Moreover, Chinese medicine therapy also helps you boost the immune system to prevent cancer recurrence.
Minimally invasive Treatment
Cryotherapy also called cryosurgery, Ar-he knife, is done by releasing Argon gas to lower the temperature and freeze the tumor and the surrounding tissue; then the He gas is released to thaw the frozen tumor thus destroying it in the process.
Interventional therapy is done under the guidance of medical imaging equipment wherein the anti-cancer drugs are injected directly to the blood supplying artery of the tumor which effectively shrinks the tumor. Compared with the traditional chemotherapy, interventional therapy targets the tumor precisely and brings lesser side effects to the body; the drug concentration of anticancer drug inside the tumor is much higher than the conventional chemotherapy because it is directly infused into the tumor and so it brings better efficacy.
Microwave ablation (MWA)
In microwave ablation, a probe will be inserted into tumors, and micro electromagnetic waves will be released to destroy and ablate the cancerous tissues directly. Targeting clearly and affecting intensely on the tumor, MWA won’t produce obvious side effects to normal tissues.
The drug called photosensitizer or photosensitizing agent, will be infused to the body. And the drug will be absorbed mostly by cancer cells after 24 hours to 72 hours. The photosensitizer in the tumor absorbs the light and produces an active form of oxygen that can destroy nearby cancer cells. It well suits patients with advanced cancer or elderly patients and those with poor physical status.
Photon Knife uses the targeting information to focus precisely on the tumor, while avoiding the healthy surrounding tissue. This exact targeting makes it possible to use higher levels of radiation in treatment, which are more effective in shrinking and killing tumors in breast.
Nanoknife breaks the membrane of tumor cells with high voltage pulses so that the tumor in tumor is destroyed. It is not an open surgery but brings the same effect as surgery does with the advantages of smaller trauma, lesser side effects and quicker recovery.
Comprehensive treatment will bring better efficacy than single treatment. Doctors at Modern Cancer Hospital Guangzhou will make a personalized treatment plan under the consideration of your size of tumor, stage, type, and other factors.
5 year survival rate for breast cancer stage 2
According to American Cancer Society, for women with breast cancer stage 2, the 5-year relative survival rate is about 93%. Though there is a relatively high survival, you still need to carefully choose the suitable treatment plan due to size of tumor, physical condition and willingness.
If you want to know what treatment options are suitable for you, you are welcome to consult with us via online consultation or call at 63-02-8221222/63-922-8083333/63-915-4642818. We are here 24/7 to answer your questions.
The main therapy of Modern Cancer Hospital Guangzhou China—minimally invasive surgery features little trauma, quick recovery, and has become a much important approach for treating tumor.
*Surgery, in addition to the appropriate chemotherapy and radiotherapy, are effective in treating early cancer, but certain patients in late stage of cancer may not be tolerate surgery well as they can be relatively weak. A combination of carefully planned minimally invasive therapy, chemotherapy or radiotherapy can effectively reduce the side effects and discomfort of treatment and may help patient get better efficacy.