Experts from Modern Cancer Hospital Guangzhou pointed out that treatment for nasopharyngeal cancer should not be limited to local treatment or any single treatment, but should be combined with multiple treatment methods, such as surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy and minimally invasive therapy, to achieve the best treatment effect.
a. For patients who have well-differentiated squamous cell carcinoma, adenocarcinoma, or other radiation–insensitive cancerous tumors, with lesion situated in the posterior or anterior wall of the nasopharynx roof, and are not surgery excluded, they can consider to undergo resection of the primary lesion.
b. For patients who have undertook radiation therapy but have remained or recurrent lesions limited in the posterior or anterior wall of the nasopharynx roof or neck and without damage to the skull base, resection can be used to remove the lesion.
c. For patients who have remained or recurrent lesions, which are moveable and with limited coverage, they can have their lymph nodes of the neck removed.
2. Radiation therapy
Radiation therapy is the preferred treatment method for nasopharyngeal cancer patients. It can rapidly kill the cancer cells. However, while treating the cancer, it can affect the nearby normal tissues or organs causing side-effects like fatigue, dizziness, loss of appetite, nausea, vomiting, insipidity or favor change in the mouth, sleepless or hypersomnia, etc. Although the degrees of side-effects are different, they can be eliminated through symptomatic treatment. Thus, radiation therapy can be carried on.
Radiation therapy for nasopharyngeal cancer is a local treatment method. It is usually combined with several other chemicals or medicines, so that it can shrink the tumor or eliminate small lesions and improve the treatment effect.
4. Minimally invasive targeted therapy.
Minimally invasive targeted therapy is a more advanced nasopharyngeal cancer treatment method in nowadays. It has the advantages of being minimally invasive, repeatable, real-time appreciable, less side-effect, highly targeted and quick recovery, etc. It has evident treatment effect and can improve the patient’s life quality.