What is Ovarian Cancer?
Ovarian cancer is one of the common malignant tumors in female reproductive
organs and it mostly occurs in the most prosperous period of ovarian function. Its incidence rate ranks third which is second only to cervical and uterine
cancer, but its mortality rate ranks first among the various female tumors, thus
it threats seriously to women's life.
Ovarian Cancer Screening Tests
1. Women who are unmarried or has late marriage, infertility, or not
2. Postmenopausal women over 50 years old;
3. Women who like eating high fat, high protein, and high calorie diet;
4. Women with family history of hereditary ovarian cancer, Breast cancer and
non-polyposis colorectal cancer;
5. Women with sterility who use promoting ovulation drug.
Confusable Diseases with Ovarian Cancer
1. Non-neoplastic ovarian cysts: such as follicular cyst, corpus luteum cyst,
etc, these diseases are generally smaller than 5cm in diameter, with thin wall,
and mostly will wear off within 1 to 2 months.
2. Uterus myoma: ovarian tumors may confuse with cystic degeneration of
uterus myoma or subserous uterus myoma. B ultrasound examination can make a
3. Early pregnancy: if uterus enlarges and softens, the history of menelipsis
is positive, and HCG value rises, early pregnancy can be confirmed. B ultrasound
can see the embryo sac or fetal heart beat.
4. Chronic urinary retention: mostly a history of dysuria or unfinished
urination is positive, and mass locates in the midst of lower abdomen, its edge
is not clear. The mass will vanish after undergoing catheterization. B
ultrasound examination is also can be used to identify.
5. Inflammatory mass in annex: the history of chronic pelvic inflammation and
infertility are positive. Mass locates in a lower position and is painful when
touched as well as adhering to uterus.
Modern Cancer Hospital Guangzhou owns an excellent expert team specializing
in ovarian cancer, gathers the wisdom of experts to design treatment plan for
you in accordance with the symptoms of ovarian cancer, herein your condition
will get controlled and treated. If you are diagnosed with ovarian cancer, we are here to provide help and give you individualized medical suggestion. Online consultation or contact us: 63-2-8221222.
We believe that the treatment is not just on the ovarian tumor, also includes
nutrition improvement of your body and psychological counseling, etc. Modern
Cancer Hospital Guangzhou provides mental health counseling, physical function
conditioning, and rehabilitation therapy as well as information services on
Ovarian cancer grows fast and is easy to spread. Usually it has no obvious
early symptom and is often discovered accidentally in gynecological examinations
or when it become palpable in the abdomen after growing to certain size and
reaches out of the pelvic cavity, or when complications are detected. Ovarian
cancer usually has reached its late stage when discovered. Symptoms of ovarian
cancer vary according to the size of the cancer, time of occurrence, and whether
there are complications or not. Then what are the symptoms of ovarian
Symptoms of Early Ovarian Cancer
1. Edema of vulvae and lower limbs: with ovarian cancer enlarging, pelvic
vein will be oppressed and that will result in poor blood flow and preventing
return flow of lymph, so that edema of vulvae and lower limbs will be
2. Scanty menstruation or menostasia: the majority of patients with ovarian
cancer have no change in their menstruation, but with cancer enlarging, cancer
cells will destroy the normal ovarian tissues, leading to ovarian dysfunction,
and then scanty menstruation or menostasia will be caused.
3. Abdominal and low back pain: if adjacent tissues are infiltrated and
adhered by ovarian cancer, it can easily cause vague and dull pain of low back
4. Abdominal distention and loss of appetite: if ovarian tumors oppress and
pull surrounding ligaments, in addition to stimulation of ascites, similar
symptoms of gastrointestinal disease will be caused.
5. Sex hormone disorders: when some tumors secrete excess estrogen, sexual
precocity, menstrual disorders or postmenopausal vaginal bleeding can be caused;
if it is testicular mother cells cancer, male characteristics will appear due to
Symptoms of Advanced Ovarian Cancer
1. Sense of abdominal distension: due to rapid growth of tumor, abdominal
distention, abdominal lump and ascites can be developed within a short term. If
tumor is small, it can be found only by pelvic examination, but with tumor
gradually growing beyond the pelvic cavity, abdominal lump can be palpated.
2. Menstrual disorders and vaginal bleeding: if bilateral ovary cancer is
damaged by cancer tissue, menstrual disorders and vaginal bleeding can be
3. Compression symptoms: when tumor infiltrates surrounding tissues or
compresses nerves, abdominal pain, low back pain and sciatica can be caused; if
it compresses the pelvic veins, edema of lower limbs can appear; If tumor
compresses bladder, frequent urination, dysuria, and urinary retention can be
caused; If it compresses rectum, difficult defecation can occur; If it
compresses gastrointestinal tract, digestive tract symptom can be caused; If
tumor compresses diaphragm , dyspnea and inability to lie down can occur.
4. Dyscrasia: due to the rapid growth of tumor, malnutrition and physical
emaciation can be developed, which results in formation of dyscrasia.
5. Metastases: pulmonary metastasis can result in dry cough, hemoptysis,
pleural effusion; bone metastasis can cause localized severe pain; intestinal
metastasis can cause hematochezia, in severe cases, it can result in intestinal
Experts from Modern Cancer Hospital Guangzhou remind that if you notice any unknown symptoms, please go for a doctor as soon as possible.
Ovarian cancer is a common cancer in female genital organs, whose incidence
is the third only after cervical cancer and uterine cancer. However, its
lethality is top in gynecologic tumors, which threatens women greatly. Obviously
ovarian cancer diagnosis is very important and can be divided to early
diagnosis, level diagnosis and qualitative diagnosis.
Because ovarian cancer doesn’t show any typical symptoms and physical signs
at its early stage that it is important to know the patient history and have
gynecologic examinations. Imaging examinations and tumor marker examination
should perform to detect ovarian cancer if any following suspicious conditions
occur: long lasting ovarian dysfunction, abnormal symptoms of enteron or urinary
tract without obvious cause for long time, increasing ovary of young girl or
palpable ovaries after menopause, rapid increase and hardening of ovaries.
The patients who have palpable lumps in ovarian appendage can fully be
detected combined with imaging examination. But some ovarian cancer cases would
develop external metastases when the primary tumor is small and form some
nodules diffused in pelvic.
Though ovarian cancer diagnosis technology is developing, there are easy,
feasible and fast basic examinations such as imbibing smear examination of
posterior fornix, pucture fluid examination of recto-uterine fossa, cytological
examination of ascites. Laparoscopy and histological examination can exactly
diagnose ovarian cancer cases from suspected cases. Imaging examination,
especially ultrasound scanning of vagina can help a qualitative diagnosis of the
edge and internal structure of early malignant ovarian tumors. Endocrine
examination is inclined to diagnose gonadal stromal tumor of ovary and partial
ovarian cancers of ectopic endocrine syndrome. The serum tumor marker test is
highly sensitive to ovarian malignant tumor, due to its poorer specificity,
immunologic test cannot be the only base to diagnose the type of ovarian cancer.
However, combination of multiple tumor marker tests can improve the reliability
Ovarian cancer specialist from Modern Cancer Hospital Guangzhou reminded that
in order to catch up the best time for treatments, the patient should go to
hospital once being diagnosed. If you need any medical suggestion, please click online consultation.
Oncologists from Modern Cancer Hospital Guangzhou warmly remind ovarian
cancer patients that there are many treatments for ovarian cancer but the most
important thing is to choose the suitable therapeutic regimen according to
Let’s introduce the therapy options for ovarian cancer patients.
Traditional Treatment for Ovarian Cancer
Generally speaking, surgery is the first choice for treating ovarian cancer;
however, surgery usually cannot thoroughly remove small foci inside the body of
ovarian cancer patients, thus patients possibly face transferred recurrence of
Traditional Cancer Treatment
If surgery is hard to perform, 1-2 times chemotherapy can be firstly given
prior to surgery to enhance the success rate of surgery. After surgery,
chemotherapy can be given to prevent recurrence; if surgery is not thorough,
chemotherapy can be given to ease the condition, even prolong survival period;
patient whose tumor cannot be removed by surgery, shall firstly shrink and
loosen the tumor by chemotherapy so that create the operation condition
secondly. However, chemotherapy usually brings a lot of side effects to
patients, such as hair loss, vomiting, bad appetite, etc. Chemotherapy is a
double-edged sword, killing cancer cells and damaging the normal cells at the
same time. Thus, many ovarian patients refuse taking chemotherapy and choose
Most of the malignant tumors, including ovarian tumor, are not sensitive to
radiotherapy so the radiotherapy for ovarian cancer usually does not bring good
therapeutic effect during the treatment. Ovarian cancer experts from Modern
Cancer Hospital Guangzhou suggest patients not to take radiotherapy as the first
Advanced Treatment for Ovarian Cancer in Modern Cancer Hospital Guangzhou
1. Interventional Therapy
Interventional therapy is to inject the drugs directly into the tumor so that
it can cut off the tumor blood vessels and the tumor dies our of blood supply.
Compared with chemotherapy, interventional therapy directly targets the tumor
and will not damage the normal cells with few side effects.
2. Biological Immunotherapy
After several years of clinical research and experience feedback, a new
special therapy for ovarian cancer has been studied out, that is biological
immunotherapy. This treatment method is based on human immunity system. These
immune cells play a good role in distinguishing and inhibiting tumor cells,
through such method, good therapeutic effect can be well achieved by increasing
patients’ immunity. This is the principle for so-called “applying cells of
patients themselves to treat their disease”.
3. Combination of TCM & Western Medicine Therapy
Chinese medicines play an essential role in treating ovarian cancer, which
regulate endocrine secretion and promote ventilation and blood circulation. For
women, blood is the substance foundation for menstruation. If entrails are
functional disorder, blood circulation would be affected and various kinds of
gynaecopathia would be easily caused. Combination of western medicines, TCM
helps regulate the organ’s function, improve immunity and reduce side effects
during the treatment.