What is Skin Cancer?
Skin cancer is a kind of malignant cancer develops in skin. It inclines to develop in the exposed skin, for example, the skin of head, face, neck and back of hand and so on, the incidence in these exposed regions takes up about 81.1%.
High Risky Group of Skin Cancer
Skin cancer tends to develop in old people, especially the ones in an age ranges from 51-30, and the ratio between male and female is closed to 2:1. White people get a highest incidence of total.
What Kind of People is Tending to Have Skin Cancer?
1. The people who have outdoor activities frequently.
2. More than 2 family members have been suffered from skin cancer.
3. Hair is inclined to red and golden colors.
4. The ones who are easier to develop macula on skin.
5. The people have ever experienced serious sunburn in childhood.
6. The workers have to contact bitumen, tar and mineral oil frequently.
Diet care of skin cancer
1. Diets after surgery. A post operative skin cancer patient, whose vitality is exhausted and get blood trouble, should take the food can supply vitality and blood, such as rice fruit, hyacinth bean, Chinese date, mushroom, carrot, Common Yan Rhizome, arrow root porridge, beans and so on.
2. Diets in radiotherapy. Yin-fluid would lose in radiotherapy that the patient should take the foods to nourish yin to tonify fluid and humor, and then the first choice is vegetables and fruits, such as spinach, water lettuce, lotus root, Chinese white pear, banana, grape and so on.
3. Diets in Chemotherapy. Qi and blood are damaged in chemotherapy, so the foods can nourish qi are the best for patient, like English walnut seed, tremella, mushroom, water chestnut, pearl barley porridge, etc.
Daily care of skin cancer
1. Patient should reduce the time of exposing to sunlight.
2. Patient has to go to hospital for diagnosis and surgery once suspected recurrent lesions are found.
3. Skin cancer trends to develop frequently, strict observation on skin should be taken during the care, especially the covert skin behind ears.
What kinds of supports can be obtained?
Practice proves that the clinic team services composed by multiple disciplines like oncosurgery, oncology, pathology, imageology and anesthesia doctors as well as professional nurses, can provide patients with most effective, most suitable and most economic treatment plan, and also can greatly improve the therapeutic effect of treating cancer patients.
“One station” medical system constructed by Modern Cancer Hospital Guangzhou combining multiple disciplines, can perform comprehensive diagnosis and treatment for patients under the condition of without adding patients’ burden. Therefore, on one hand, it can provide all-round and heartfelt medical services, and on the other hand, it improves medical efficiency and level. There are many channels can be applied to conduct the communication between patients and doctors, like online consultation, email, telephone conversation, and face-to-face consultation. All these consultation services can effectively help patients to fight the cancer. While the medical team faced by the patients includes doctors, nurses, dietitians, interpreters and so on to meet various demands in different level of different countries. Patients would be more confident under the unobstructed communication environment to cooperate the hospital to diagnose and treat the diseases.
Due to the living environment and working environment and other causative factors, the onset of skin cancer is increasing continuously. However, many skin cancer patients don’t know the symptoms very well. Which is not benefit to the early detection of skin cancer, said by experts from Modern Cancer Hospital Guangzhou.So what are the symptoms of skin cancer?
Symptoms of Skin Cancer
1.Squamous cell carcinoma is often transformed by keratosis, leukoplakia and other precancerous diseases. It grows fast and forms ulcer in early stage. Some of the ulcers manifest in the shape of nodus or cauliflower and invades relative superficial level, and its basis is movable.Some manifest in as patelliform and invades into the in-depth obviously, and has a strong devastating power, often to bones. Squamous cell carcinoma often causes pyogenic infection companied with evil smelling, pain. Multiple areas of lymph nodes metastasis, huge squamous cell carcinoma on head of skin cancer patient, have relatively much purulent secretions and easily bleed; if metastasis occurs in the neck, then the fastest growing position shall be the squamous cells adhered to mucocutaneous skin, often mucosa patients easily emerge metastasis.
2.Basal cell carcinoma often has no symptoms in the first beginning, often causes stiff and plaque papule in early stage: some manifest verrucously uplift and then ulceration for ulcer lesion in irregular shape and with its margins uplifting and bottom uneven, which grows slowly; metastasis seldom occurs, often marginal translucency potential ulcer goes first and then gradually expands to the surrounded tissues, even organs, and finally becomes invasive ulcer.
3.Squamous cell carcinoma often occurs among people from the age of 30 to 50 years old, while basal cell carcinoma occurs to people above 50 years old. The former one grows faster in a very short period than the later one; it often occurs in lips, tongue, nose, cunnus, cross section of skin mucous membrance; the margin of ulcer elevates and features red and stiff, which manifesting as circular or cauliflower-like, and there is remarkable inflammation reaction surrounded and multiple area of lymph gland enlargement; the later one often occurs in eye orbitalis, endocanthion, nose, cheek, forehead, back of hand; the margin of ulcer manifests wax-like or nodiform, enrolling, and features color of black, and there is little or no inflammation reaction and seldom metastasis, and it mainly invades toward in-depth tissue.
Clinical Symptoms of Skin Cancer
1.Color: most skin cancers feature unevenly mixed brown, black, red, white or blue; color of nevus change; People shall be alert to this;
2.Margin: often irregular and serration-toward changing. This is usually due to tumor transferring to surrounding tissue or its own cataplasis.
3.Surface: not smooth: rough with squamous or lamellar peelings; sometimes accompanied with effusion or bleeding, and the foci can be higher than the skin surface;
4.Skin surrounded around the foci may emerge edema or lose its original skin gloss or turn to white or grey;
5.bnormal sensation: itchy, burning pain or tenderness for local parts.
Experts of Modern Cancer Hospital Guangzhou remind that if the above-mentioned symptoms appear, go to standardized hospital for timely diagnosis and treatment and try do not delay the treatment and degrade the condition.
Skin cancer is a malignant tumor develops in skin, especially the exposed skin. It disturbs people mentally and physically. Skin cancer examinations can be divided to self examinations and pathological examinations. Early detection of skin cancer would be great helpful to treatments. Since most people get a mind that having examinations in hospital is inconvenient, below is the introduction of self examination of skin cancer.
Steps of Self Examination of Skin Cancer
1.Be naked when you face mirror (it is same below), start from your both arms to check your palm center, figures, fingerwebs, forearm and postbrachium. Lift up your hands and bend your elbow joints to check the skin of inner side of forearms and joints.
2. Check the front of body, like face, neck, chest, abdomen, mons pubis and lower limbs.
3. Check the bilateral sides of body with hands lifting up, then start checking from left side to right side.
4. Keep your back to the mirror and hold another small mirror to check the nape of neck, back, hips and local skin of two arms. If it is hard to check by only one person, you may ask your mate or good friend for help.
5. Ask someone to move aside your hair with comb to check if skin of head has somewhere suspected. If you are male, you can check in by yourself when your hair is short.
6. Sit down to check the instep, heels, toes and soles of feet. Then take a mirror behind your legs and keep moving to see if any signs of lesion.
Specialist from Modern Cancer Hospital Guangzhou said, if any abnormality occurs in skin, please come to regular hospital for overall examination in time.
Key Points of Skin Cancer Detection
Firstly, avoid get in touch with radioactive substance. Especially the patients have chronic skin disease or the people who have to contact some radioactive substances, coal tar and bitumen, once papule or nodules occur in skin, should be alert to the occurrence of skin cancer. And this is an important proof of skin cancer.
Second, any abnormal signs of skin should be noted. Specialist in Modern Cancer Hospital Guangzhou figured out that if hard nodules, which are with swelling edge and tends to spread around, develop in skin that possibly may be skin cancer. For the people older than 40 years old have to pay higher attention.
Last, the most important base to diagnose skin cancer is examination of histopathology.
There are many treatment methods for skin cancer, such as Ar-He knife, particle implantation , body cell immunotherapy , targeted therapy with integrative Chinese and Western medicine, so the appropriate therapy should be selected according to the specific diseases.
Proper treatment methods for skin cancer should be based on its histological types, and its anatomical sites, patient’ age, gender, general health condition, etc should also be considered. As to anatomical regions, attention should be paid to certain areas that are prone to recur after operation such as the area around the eyes, nose, ears, etc. For those areas, treatment with better effect must be chosen. Besides, surgery can be done but before that the beautifying, appearance of wounds, and skin function should be considered.
Furthermore, the health condition of the patient should be considered comprehensively. If the patient is suffering from coagulation disorders or under anticoagulation therapy (ACT), the treatment with no bleeding must be adopted, such as Ar-He knife, particle implantation, and immunotherapy. For those who cannot bear the treatment mentioned above, such as the old and sick people, female patients who cannot bear a long period of radiotherapy, targeted therapy with integrative Chinese and Western medicine.
Ar-He knife is essentially “super-freezing treatment plus heat treatment ". When argon is released rapidly from the tip of needle, in ten seconds tumor tissue can be frozen to - 120℃~ - 165℃, forming an ice ball, thus tumor tissue within ice ball will be "hungry and cold"( hunger because it is lack of blood supply and oxygen, while coldness comes from the super low temperature) causing coagulation and then necrosis of the tumor tissue. When helium is rapidly released from the tip of the needle, the temperature will be increase to 20 ℃ ~40 ℃, causing thawing and then blasting of the ice ball, so as to destroy the tumor tissue and prevent damage to normal tissue.
Both basal cell carcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma are very sensitive to the radiation therapy, so before treatment plan is given, the patient’s age, sex, history of tumor, anatomical sites must be considered, so as to guarantee final treatment effect.125I particle is an energetic radionuclide, which can send out continuous and short-range gamma rays to kill tumor cells. It can achieve the effect of radiotherapy on tumor as surgery does, so it is known as the particle knife.
Body Cell Immunotherapy
Body cell immunotherapy infuses immune cells (which are active to fight cancer) into patient’s body, so as to directly kill tumor or activate immune response to fight against tumor. Body cell immunotherapy is a green therapy to fight against skin cancer, which can completely remove residual cancer cells and dormant cells in blood and lymph, and has irreplaceable advantages in killing tumor cells, resisting tumor recurrence and metastasis. Therefore, body cell immunotherapy can well make up for the damage on body’s immunity caused by surgery, radiotherapy and chemotherapy, so as to bring hope to the skin cancer treatment.
Targeted Therapy with Combination of Chinese and Western Medicine
Combined advantages of Chinese medicine with Western medicine to fight against cancer, the therapy receives greater efficacy than that of any single therapy. Through a minimally invasive targeting technology, tumor will be directionally, accurately cleaned and killed, so as to maximally reduce harm to body brought by the treatment. At the same time, it combines traditional Chinese medicine to regulate entirely body function, in order to reinforce the healthy qi to fight against cancer, enhancing immunity and physical health.