The cervical cancer pathology report is an important basis for oncologists to formulate follow-up treatment plans. However, many cervical cancer patients and their families fail to read due to the strong professionalism of pathological reports. In order to help people have a better understanding of the medical terminology in the report, we have collated the common terms in the report for preliminary interpretation.
If you want to know more about the report on cervical cancer, you can make an appointment online or contact our Manila office at 02-8-822122 or Cebu Office at 0917-599-2277, professional oncologists will help to answer your questions.
1. What is HPV? What’s the connection between HPV infection and cervical cancer?
HPV is the abbreviation of Human Papillomavirus. High-risk HPV detection plays an important role in the prevention and early diagnosis of cervical cancer, thus it has become one of the major cervical cancer scanning methods.
HPV infection is normal among female, infecting with HPV does not equal to having cancer. Once HPV infection is found, one should go to the hospital for further examination to get a correct diagnosis.
2. What is CIN?
CIN is one of the most common medical terms that appears on the cervical cancer pathology report, it refers in particular to Cervical Intraepithelial Neoplasia. CIN is divided into three grades based on the degree of epithelial cell mutation and the location of the lesion. CIN may be low-grade or high-grade. Women with low-grade CIN have minimal potential for developing cervical malignancy, while those with high-grade lesions are at high risk of progression to malignancy.
3. What is cervical carcinoma in situ (CIS) and invasive cervical cancer?
Carcinoma in situ (CIS) is a general term for an early stage cancer. Cervical carcinoma in situ is referred to as stage O cervical cancer. It’s noninvasive, which means the cancer cells are confined to the surface layer of the cervix and haven’t penetrated deeper into the tissues. For cervical carcinoma in situ, cervical conization can reach a good efficacy.
Cancer that has spread from the surface of the cervix to tissue deeper in the cervix or to other parts of the body is regarded as Invasive Cervical Cancer. Conservative treatment is effective in treating early invasive cervical cancer, while invasive cervical cancer needs aggressive treatments like radical surgery, chemotherapy, radiotherapy and minimally invasive therapy, etc..
4. What is CGIN?
CGIN is the abbreviation of Cervical Glandular Intraepithelial Neoplasia, which means the pre-invaisve stage of adenocarcinoma of the cervix. CIGN may develop into cervical adenocarcinoma as time goes by.
If you have any doubts about the cervical cancer pathology report, you can make an online appointment or contact us directly at 02-8-822122 (Manila Office) or 0917-599-2277 (Cebu Office). Professional oncologists will help you out.
Tips from oncologists at St. Stamford Modern Cancer Hospital Guangzhou: The above is only a partial interpretation of the pathology report of cervical cancer. Patients must find a qualified oncologist for a comprehensive interpretation on a detailed pathology report, so that they can receive guidance and treatments timely to avoid irreversible consequences.