Cervical cancer is a malignant tumor arising from vagina and cervical canal, which is one of the most common malignant tumors in the female genital tract. Its level of malignancy is high, and when found, about 70% of patients with cervical cancer has progressed to advanced stage. Moreover, the incidence rate of cervical cancer is high, so early detection and early treatment should be done to prevent its further spread.
There are many kinds of treatment methods for cervical cancer, but what the most important is to choose the treatment method most applicable to the patient. The cervical cancer treatment includes surgical resection, combined therapy of TCM and western medicine, interventional therapy, biological immunotherapy, radiotherapy, and chemotherapy, etc, but before choosing what kind of treatment, there are lots of factors that should be considered, including tumor size, stage, the patient’s age, health condition, etc.
Currently, the most common treatment options for cervical cancer are surgery and radiotherapy. Surgery is applicable to patients with early cervical cancer, of which primarily indicates radical hysterectomy that means the surgical removal of part of vagina , parametrium, and the bilateral pelvic lymph nodes, while if the patients’ ovaries have no lesions, they can be preserved. The advantage of surgery is that with once surgery, the early cancer can be completely removed with short treatment period, while its disadvantage is the regions involved are wide, in addition, after the surgery, complications like difficulty in urination may be caused, thus the patient needs to go through a period of recuperation until the function returns to normal.
Radiotherapy can be applied to cervical cancer in each stage, including advanced cervical cancer. For both the elderly and those with poor heart function who cannot tolerate surgery, radiotherapy is a good treatment option. However, radiotherapy will cause some complications, mainly including radiation rectitis and cystitis, which need active treatment.
Among radiotherapy, 125I seed implantation is also one of the effective cervical cancer treatment options. Cervical cancer is sensitive to radiation, therefore, either early or advanced cervical cancer have a good therapeutic effect. Radioactive particle therapy places radioactive particles inside tumor under the guidance of CT or B ultrasound, and then these particles will constantly emit radiation to kill the tumor and cut off its way to spread.
Cervical treatment, such as chemotherapy and radiotherapy, do effectively kill cancer cells but they also kill normal cell and the immunity of patients will easily be reduced and cause some side effects such as weakness, vomiting, etc.Biological immunotherapy could help improve immunity and alleviate the side effect caused by chemotherapy and radiotherapy. Biological immunotherapy is to inject immune cells to patient’s body so that the immunity reinforces.
In fact, there are various types of cervical cancer, thus the patients should never give up hope, only by active cooperation with your doctors and then choosing the treatment mostly applicable to you can the cancer be under effective control.