Testicular cancer is mainly divided into two types: seminomas and non seminomas. About 30 out of every 100 testicular cancers (30%) are seminomas. Non seminomas include Choriocarcinoma, embryonal carcinoma, teratoma and yolk sac tumor.
Although ways of growth and spread for seminomas and non seminomas are similar, their treatment options will be different. However, if the tumors mix with seminomas and non seminomas, the treatment will be the same with treatment for non seminomas. Treatment options include staging of cancer, the patient's age and overall health condition, and many other factors.
Treatments for testicular cancer include surgery, radiotherapy, chemotherapy, traditional Chinese medicine and cellular immune therapy, etc.
Surgery is a method to remove a part of testicle. Usually the patients who receive this treatment will concern about its influence on his sex function and reproductive capacity, but these worries can be alleviated, because as long as there is one healthy testicle, the patients can have normal erection and produce sperms.
Radiotherapy is a method to use high-energy rays to kill cancer cells so as to shrink the tumor, which generally is used after the surgery. It is a local therapy which can influence the cancer cells in the treatment site. Besides, spermatogenous cells are very sensitive to rays while the non spermatogenous cells not, so radiotherapy usually does not be applied to patients with non seminomas.
Chemotherapy is a constitutional treatment, which kills cancer cells of whole body by using anticancer medication. Chemotherapy is usually applied after surgery, so as to kill the residual cancer cells and improve the effects o surgery.
4. Traditional Chinese medicine
Traditional Chinese medicine can regulate balance of body, strengthening resistance to fight against cancer. It can effectively relieve the side reaction and complication after surgery. When chemotherapy and radiotherapy are undergone, traditional Chinese medicine can be also used to detoxify and enhance effects. As for advanced patients, after surgery, chemotherapy, radiotherapy, they can continuously take Chinese medicine to regulate condition, improve immunity. For the advanced patients who are not applicable to surgery, Chinese medicines can relieve symptoms, improve quality of life, and prolong life expectancy.