What is Prostate Cancer?
Prostate cancer is a malignant tumor or lesion that occurs in the prostate gland. Prostate gland is a walnut-sized gland enclosed by a capsule and situated below the urinary bladder. It produces prostatic secretion which forms part of semen.
Prostate cancer develops when cells in the prostate gland turn malignant, i.e. uncontrolled growth, and forms a lump. This cancer grows out of the prostate capsule and invades surrounding tissue like seminal vesicles, bladder neck. It can also spread to the lymph glands in the pelvis. It also often spreads via the blood stream to the backbone.
Are you at risk?
These are the identified risk factors:
Family history of prostate cancer;
Unbalanced diet such as rich in animal fat;
Dirty reproductive organs environment;
Stage measures the extent of spread:
Stage I: Localised–cancer is still in the prostate gland
stageII: Locally invasive– capsular invasion; invasion of adjacent organs such as seminal vesicles; spread of pelvic lymph organs
Stage III: Metastatic– cancer is widespread, accompanied with bone involvement
How to prevent?
Have a healthy and balanced diet, no too much fat;
No smoking, no alcohol drinking;
Have regular exercise;
Take regular health check.
The application of using Prostate-Specific-Antigen (PSA) blood test for the early detection of prostate cancer is recommended to quite many patients.