Breast Cancer Staging

TNM system:

The staging system most often used for breast cancer is TNM.

The T refers to the size and extent of the main tumor. The main tumor is usually called the primary tumor.

T1, T2, T3, T4: Refers to the size and/or extent of the main tumor. The higher the number after the T, the larger the tumor or the more it has grown into nearby tissues.

The N refers to the number of nearby lymph nodes that have cancer.

N1, N2, N3: Refers to the number and location of lymph nodes that contain cancer. The higher the number after the N, the more lymph nodes that contain cancer.

The M refers to whether the cancer has metastasized. This means that the cancer has spread from the primary tumor to other parts of the body.

M0: Cancer has not spread to other parts of the body.

M1: Cancer has spread to other parts of the body.

(The treatment for different stages of breast cancer is only for reference.)

We can offer help if you are diagnosed with breast cancer, make an appointment online or contact reception for a telephone appointment. Call at 02-8-822122 (Manila Office) or 0917-599-2277 (Cebu Office) .


Breast Cancer, Breast Cancer stages, St. Stamford Modern Cancer Hospital Guangzhou

Breast Cancer Stages and Corresponding Treatments

Stage 0 Breast Cancer: Tis (Carcinoma in situ), N0 stage, M0 stage; Cancer cells only present in the breast

Treatment for stage 0 breast cancer: Surgery (Modified Radical Mastectomy and Breast Reconstruction), Green Chemotherapy

 Stage I Breast Cancer: T1, N0, M0 ——Cancer cells only spread to nearby tissues;

Treatment for stage I breast cancer: Surgery (Modified Radical Mastectomy and Breast Reconstruction), Interventional Therapy, Cryotherapy, Particle Implantation, Microwave Ablation, Green ChemotherapyNatural therapyGene Targeted Therapy, and TCombination of Traditional Chinese Medicine and Western Medicine.

 Stage II Breast Cancer:T0~T3, N0-N1, M0 —— Cancer has grown into nearby lymph nodes.

Treatment for stage II breast cancer: Surgery (Modified Radical Mastectomy and Breast Reconstruction), Interventional Therapy,  Cryotherapy,  Particle Implantation, Microwave Ablation, Green ChemotherapyNatural therapy, Gene Targeted Therapy, and Combination of Traditional Chinese Medicine and Western Medicine.

 Stage III Breast Cancer: T0-T4, N0~N3, M0 —— Cancer has spread to axillary lymph nodes but didn’t spread to distant organ.

Treatment for stage III breast cancer: Interventional Therapy, CryotherapyParticle Implantation, Microwave Ablation, Green ChemotherapyNatural therapy, Gene Targeted Therapy, and Combination of Traditional Chinese Medicine and Western Medicine.

 Stage IV Breast Cancer: Any T stage, Any N stage, M1 ——Cancer has spread to distant organs.

Treatment for stage IV breast cancer: Interventional Therapy,  Cryotherapy, Particle Implantation, Microwave Ablation, Green ChemotherapyNatural therapyGene Targeted Therapy, and Combination of Traditional Chinese Medicine and Western Medicine.

We can offer help if you are diagnosed with breast cancer, make an appointment online or contact us at 02-8-822122 (Manila Office) or at 0917-599-2277 (Cebu Office) for second opinion.

Different stages of breast cancer have different treatments. In St. Stamford Modern Cancer Hospital Guangzhou, our Multidisciplinary Team (MDT) will tailor treatment for breast cancer patients based on their body conditions and cancer stage, size and the location of the tumor, which will help breast cancer patients save their breasts from resection, and avoid side effects of radiotherapy and chemotherapy.

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