What Is the Thyroid Cancer?
Thyroid cancer referring to the cancerization of thyroid tissues is a malignant tumor originated from thyroid epithelial cells. Thyroid cancer can be mainly classified as papillary adenocarcinoma and follicular adenocarcinoma according to their pathological characteristics.
How are the Incidence Rate and Survival Rate of Thyroid Cancer?
The incidence rate of thyroid cancer accounts for approximately 1% of all cancers and it is more common among children and women over age of 40, besides, its ratio of male and female is 1:2.4. Postoperative five-year survival rate for patients with papillary adenocarcinoma can reach 90%.
What are the Causes of Thyroid Cancer?
It is not very clear the exact causes of thyroid cancer, but it may be related to dietary factors (diet with high iodide or insufficient iodine), radiation exposure history, increasing estrogen secretion, genetic factors, or it may be developed by benign diseases of thyroid such as nodular goiter, hyperthyroidism, thyroid adenoma, especially chronic lymphocytic thyroiditis.
Nursing and Care After Surgery
Patients with thyroid cancer should be given liquid diet within 1- 2 days after surgery so as to reduce the pain caused by swallowing.
Patients with thyroid cancer should be guided to lie in semireclining position, properly protect the operative incision thus is conducive to drainage of wound.
Avoid strenuous cough, talking too much, and when getting up, hands should support head, so as not to pull wound.
Providing a quiet and comfortable environment, in order to eliminate agitated feeling of patients.
Closely observe whether there is swelling in wound.
If hoarseness, shortness of breath occurs, you should immediately consult the doctor and deal with it.